Archive for the ‘Horse Training’ Category


The Cowboy and The Queen

Wednesday, July 20th, 2016

cowboy and the queen


When the British Monarch called on Monty Roberts wishing to learn more, that began a mission that grows today “to leave the world a better place for horses and for people, too.” Read the full article here:



Tough Training Techniques

Tuesday, July 16th, 2013

Correspondence between Monty and Readers of Ask Monty

From: Danell Adams to Monty


I rcv your updates on a regular basis and enjoy the stories and information. However, today I received the response to horses not wishing to be caught…and you referenced a Peruvian Horse…a national champion yet…and then you commented:

“Thank you. It comes under the heading “what a small world we live in”. About three months ago I received into training a Peruvian Paso owned by a lady in Southern California. In his show career he was a national champion. The fact is however his start in life was under the tutelage of South American style horsemanship. He too would do anything you ask when he was completely in the grasp of forceful and very violent horse trainers, straight from Peru”

I found your comments here to be very disrespectful and very likely stated from no factual basis. “Violent horse trainers…straight from Peru”?

I own Peruvians and have been riding them for 48 years. Certainly, I have also been to Peru. Yes, there are certainly inappropriate training methods used there…and here!! But, your generic comment about the Peruvian trainers is offensive to me and certainly to the many Chalans there and here in the US who are extraordinary trainers with soft voices and light hands. A Chalan working with one of my babies sat with me to explain the personality of this particular filly…”never raise your voice” he said, “it will never be necessary.” Very violent trainers straight from Peru????

If this woman told you this horse came from A ranch and A trainer in/from Peru, then your comment should have been specific and singular. I am aware of no peruvian trainer in So Cal who employs “violent” methods….or they would not be here working! But I doubt she saw anything with this particular horse…or why would she purchase??

I sit on a So Cal board of directors as well as the National Organization and I feel you owe an apology to our breed, the Peruvians and our chalans for printing such a disrespectful and offensive generic comment that reads as if directed to the country and it’s trainers!


To: Danell Adams from Monty

Dear Danell:

I have received and taken note of your response to my report on the Peruvian Paso presently in training here. First, let me say that reading your response causes me to believe that we are two individuals on the same side of this issue. Let me go on to say that I try very hard, every time I criticize violent training, to indicate that it not everybody that acts in this way. In re-reading the message I sent out, it is clear that I neglected to follow my own rules.

Let me state categorically that there are wonderful people in Peru, Chili, Brazil, Argentina, Guatemala, Mexico and many other south, central and north America that are strongly opposed to violent forceful training of their horses. Unfortunately, in South America, the percentage of these people is extremely low. I go to Brazil next week to continue my work in changing the mindset of the horsemen who are working with wonderful animals that deserve the best.

It is not clear to me whether you realize that I am looking for the positives to congratulate for their efforts rather than blaming and exposing the perpetrators of violence. It is not my opinion that you do not want me to go to the area of causing the world to know just how violent the breaking procedures are in most of South America. I can prove it. I have been there to each of these countries and I have met with the people who conduct these violent sessions.

It is possible that you are not aware that on June 24, 2012, I accompanied Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of England, to present certificates to nine outstanding individuals that are changing the world of horse breaking in South America, Central America and Mexico. These ranged from a young horse breaker in central Brazil to a investment banker who is backing education in Brazil, a Guatemalan owner and three of the top polo players of the world.

Memos Gracida, Carlos Gracida and Adolpho Cambioso have owned the game of polo for about 40 years. They did South American breaking. They then came here to learn my way when it realized that more than 50 percent of their prospects were lost to injury or death. I have them on tape along with dozens of other South American horsemen stating how wrong that area has been for hundreds of years. You do not want me to begin to expose these.

It is far more productive, in my opinion, to look for the positives and you may well be one of those positives, but if you are, what you say you are, you are rare and you know you are rare. I have spent significant time in each of the countries I have listed and I do not speak through guesswork. I would love to invite you to come to my farm in Solvang, California and show me your work. I would love to use what influence I have to support your efforts.

If, in fact, you are, what you say you are, you could be a very good role model for the countries in question. Brazil is changing more rapidly than any geographic area since we began to domesticate horses 6,000 years ago. In the past three years, the rule books of the Mangalarga Marchador have been turned upside down. Violence is no longer tolerated in the competitions and hundreds are going to school to learn a new way of thinking and eliminating violence.

We are working with the government of Brazil to stop financing the schools that they have been conducting where horses are treated exactly as I now have on tape. The mindset of the culture of Brazil was so broad based that they audience would cheer whistling and yelling out, when the horses were thrown to the ground or beaten with rawhide whips. These acts are in front of audiences at public shows. I have it on tape with the sound clearly substantiating.

None of this is to excuse the fact that I did not praise the work of individuals in each of these countries that are in fact kind and fair with their horses. For this exclusion, I apologize deeply and with all sincerity. I am not looking to find the negatives. I am looking to find the positives. Please continue to dialogue with me so that I can include you on the list of extremely important people to the horses of South America. I will back up the statements I am making.

From: Danell Adams to Monty


While I appreciate your response, your public email strongly and generically criticized South American and Peruvian Chalans. In my estimation, your apology…or failure to follow your own rules…needs to appear on the same public site on which you made these very negative, generic comments. The National Board has been informed of your response and also believes a public apology is warranted.

Your comments are spreading through the Peruvian community. It is our understanding that the horse you are referencing may be HMS Achillies, sold to a woman in Orange County by a ranch in Hemet. If so, this gelding was bred and trained by a man…and personal in Southern California. He has been in the US most of his adult life and is one of the most soft spoken and gentle people you could meet, which also reflects in his training methods. The horse was purchased from him to be used by an amateur in performance classes. His “brio” at his young age is not uncommon. I am personally familiar with him as I also looked at purchasing him.

While I can appreciate your experience in your travels, it really has no relevance to your comment about very violent training methods by trainers straight from Peru…neither of which are remotely correct or appropriate. With your personal background in abusive environments, it would be like assuming that you too are also abusive…which we know couldn’t be further from the truth. While your generic comments may be regarding specific experiences you have had, they DO NOT apply to this horse, this breeder and trainer and certainly, the significant majority of our Peruvian trainers…not Brazilian. To make a comment like this could lend to people believing the Peruvian horses owned and trained by Chalans may not be good purchases due to your comment about their training background. “Oh, Monty says the Peruvian horses are trained by very violent methods.” Can that affect our sales and breed? Sure it could. Please understand my analogy here…not good!

Many are waiting to see if you make a public apology on this matter. I think our trainers and breed deserve this. The majority of Peruvians here in the US ARE trained by chalans….not “straight from Peru”…but rather in this country for 20 and 30+ years! This includes the breeder/trainer involved with Achilles. While your experience…and mine as well, certainly see abuse in all breeds, lets get back to your very generic comment….that is the primary point here. I am not concerned about the need to “back up statements here”….I agree with you about the abuses…just not your generic comment in this particular situation. It is an isolated comment that needs to be corrected as you have clearly implied that the problem with this particular horse is due to these “very violent” training methods which is simply not the case by any stretch and points directly to one breeder/trainer in particular.

I have been following your work for years and have read much of your material. It is incredibly disappointing…and inappropriate to read this type of comment coming from you directed to our breed. If you neglected to follow your own rules, then your apology should be public.

Thank you for your very serious consideration in this matter.



To: Danell Adams from Monty

Dear Danell,

I write this letter from Sao Paulo, Brazil. I am here to continue my work to help South American people understand that the overwhelmingly brutal techniques that are seen in South America when horsemen gather are clearly not effective and not acceptable. Each day when I arise I begin to make mistakes and throughout the day I continue to do the same. I consider each mistake I make an opportunity to learn. It is with this in mind that I was quick to write you back to say that I made a mistake. Whenever I criticize any group of given people I should always state that it may not apply to each and every horseman in the geographic area. In my writing, I didn’t do this.

Over the years I have written to many people apologizing for one error or another. Some are gracious in accepting the apology and some are not. Unfortunately you have fallen into the second category. I am happy to use the same newsletter to publicize my apology letter to you and intended to do so from the outset. The fact is I did not want to do that until I had communicated to you personally. I thought that was a gesture of respect to you; however you have chosen to criticize me even for the gesture of respect to you. Let me say to you that we will be reviewing many videos of South American breaking on this very trip. It will be a part of my study.

If I were to begin to attempt to prove what the typical South American breaking style is, I believe I would offend many individuals who have no idea of the incredible brutality of this region. Your comments would tend to cause me to verify this by making these videos public. I am not sure this is a good idea. Further, I have no idea what horse you are referring to in your letter back to me. I am not in the business of embarrassing people by blind-siding them nor do I think it matters who it was that caused this horse the incredible fear that he expressed. His response is quite often seen in the horses that I deal with who have been through South American breaking.

In your return letter you made no mention of the program I have to honor South American horsemen for changing their brutal ways. One of my recipients is called Mateus. I regard him as a wonderful young man who is soft spoken and polite when you meet him. I have video of him beating a horse half to death with a crowd of thousands cheering each time the horse fell to the ground. One would be delusional if we observed South American style breaking and then just said these are all nice people, soft hands and caring. I regard them as nice people with high levels of talent. They have simply been raised in a culture where violence is exulted.

When Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth saw videos from South America she was, as most people are, angry with the humans involved in these sessions. It was my encouragement to learn how to accept the fact that these were potentially good horsemen, who were culturally imprinted, could change. It seems to me that you are obsessed with blaming me instead of realizing that we are far closer to the same side than we are to the opposite sides. This is your choice and I must accept your position. There is no way that I agree with it, nor will I change my desire to bring South America into the world of non-violent horsemanship.

Thank you for the time you took to express your views. It is my opinion that you will eventually realize that I am on the side of the horses and of good horsemen. I sat recently with the top Polo players of Argentina and you should hear their stories of what has been considered traditional South American breaking. It is my opinion that in order to change, each of us must want the truth. As caring horsemen we should want to see what actually happens and help these wonderful people set aside a culture of violence toward horses. I will continue in my attempts with my last breath and leave students to work after I am gone.

My daughter Debbie and I will ponder whether or not it’s a good idea to make public footage of these brutal breakings. Just know that I had no intention of doing so until your response. I accept your correspondence as a challenge to my own honesty and integrity. And if I need to prove what I have said

is true, then perhaps I should do it. Please understand that I have nothing against you personally and I have dealt with many fans of South American horsemanship who also want the status quo to be protected. I suppose the best way is to bring it into the light of day and let the caring horse world see it for real.

It has come to my mind that you exhibit a strong need to protect the world of the Peruvian Paso and the association that represents them. I respect that and I love the breed itself. I further recognize that you have come to admire the Peruvian people and I have stated categorically that I have as well. It is my opinion that they are not bad people. They are only the result of a culture that has accepted methods which I believe are less than effective and morally wrong. It seems to me that you must allow me to have my opinion the same as I am allowing you to have yours. I am dedicated to the horses of the world.


From: Danell Adams to Monty

Hello again Monty,

It is unfortunate that my attempt to point out a single horse and comment has been turned around in this manner. While I was not criticizing you as a horseman…and a fine one…I was criticizing a single comment regarding a single horse trained and bred by a fine Peruvian. It was simply that your reference unfortunately read to include many and not one. I do not know your experience with Peruvians..horses or trainers. I just felt that your generic response…and a violation of your own rule, as you stated…was worthy of an apology in the public realm in which it was first presented

I am personally preparing to travel to rescue abused horses….starved. We all do the best we can, each in our little corner of the world… to give these gorgeous animals the care and attention they need and deserve. I’m sorry you took my comments any other way.

We can all show horrible photos of such abuse right here in the US. It is an unfortunate reality that we all contend with on a daily basis.


From: Helen Diaz to Monty

Dear Mr. Roberts:

I met you a few years ago in Wellington, Florida, during the Christmas Extravaganza. You rode of young chestnut filly and we were very impressed with your style. Despite your being surrounded by stuck up Dressage equestrians, most appreciated you. Believe me, I know. I’m one of them. Before you went in the ring, you approached me and found me to be less than receptive. My apologies.

Your “hard to catch” article mentions Peruvian Pasos and their trainers. I’m sure you will receive numerous feedback relating to this article. I live in Miami, Florida, which is the Paso Fino capital in the US. I’ve owned several Paso Finos, as well as Arabians, and Dressage sport horses. My formal Dressage education commenced in 1971.

I too am not a fan of the “South American training” style. Since I purchased my first Paso Fino in 1976, I’ve observed a growing number of Colombian trainers in South Florida. Regrettably, this style of training has become mainstream here and throughout the US in the Paso world.

This article is far more important than you’ll know. It has been an unspoken taboo, which most folks refuse to face. Owners don’t care if a trainer utilizes acceptable training methods. They only care their horse wins in the ring.

In fact, numerous “trainers” come to the US, claiming to be trainers from Colombia and we later find they were only barn hands, mucking out stalls. Were you aware women are banned from showing Paso Finos in Colombia’s upper divisions?

To make matters worse, due to the current economic situation, especially in the horse world, many have taken up farrier work. Numerous horses have been ruined (one in my barn died), due to inappropriate farrier practices performed by these men.

Thank you for writing this article and bringing forward a subject that few have the courage to address. Wishing you and your family continued success.


To Helen from Monty

Dear Helen,

Thank you very much for your response to my recent writing. This correspondence is coming from Jacarei, just outside of Sao Paulo in Brazil. I have just completed my first Two-Day Clinic on the property of Eduardo Moreira who is helping us bring our message to Brazil. I have two outstanding students of mine here helping me with the clinic. One is from Brazil and the other is from Italy now living in Brazil. Both are filled with stories of extreme abuse in this country.

In these past few days I have worked with about a dozen separate issues. Each owner has told their story and nearly all have related descriptions of extreme violence that the subject horses have been victims of. There is no question that I had more than 20 on my course who had conducted South American style breaking. Nearly every horse had remedial issues related to brutal tactics used upon these individuals in the past. The commonality was pervasive.

Many of the horses were first described to me as spooky. The testing procedures that I used would indicate that they were not spooky in the normal context of the term. They were simply phobically frightened of being beaten. These are wonderful horses of the Mangalarga blood. They have the same genetic background “Barb” as the horses titled Peruvian Paso and Paso Fino. They are wonderful horses that deserve far more humane training tactics than they typically receive.

Please understand that the people who train horses here live in a unique culture significantly different from most of the world. They are often talented individuals who are simply using the only way they know. It is not my desire to blame them. Indeed it is my mission to show them a different way which is then up to them to accept or reject. I watched several big strong men reduced to tears as they told me that I had changed their life; not just with horses but with their family too.

I often ask people to rent the old movie “A Few Good Men” then to listen to Jack Nicholson admonishing Tom Cruise that Cruise didn’t want the truth. Nicholson said “You can’t handle the truth”. If we, the horsemen of the world, hide our eyes and refuse to see the truth, then nothing will change. It is extremely difficult to muster up the courage to enter this sociological minefield. At 78, I don’t mind because the horses have been so good to me I must come to their assistance.

No one of us should blanket the South American horseman as there must be some human caring individuals in the mix. As I travel South America, however, it is becoming clear that the breaking procedures that include extreme violence amount to more than 90%. I will not hide my eyes nor will I fear sociological repercussions. Once I clearly demonstrate my concepts most of these talented horsemen come to thank me with exuberance; these are good people.


How sensitive is your horse?

Tuesday, June 18th, 2013
My horse is very sensitive in the flank and the stifle area. When I am grooming her, she seems to get very angry. She puts her ears back and even acts as though she would kick me. When I brush or touch her in the area of the flank or the stifle, she moves her hips toward me and not away. If I push harder, she pushes much harder against me. She has pinned me up against the wall several times and it’s very frightening. What should I do, Mr. Roberts? My instructor says that I should not go into her stall without a whip. I don’t want to whip her, but I don’t want her to hurt me either. There must be a solution to this problem. Can you help me? Sincerely, “Extremely Frightened!”
Monty’s Answer:    
Thank you for your inquiry. This is actually a subject near and dear to my heart. This is the pattern of behavior that causes so much trouble with horses in the starting stalls in racing. There are rails inside the stalls which jut out toward the horse. They are there to protect the feet of the jockey but in my opinion, they cause more trouble than they save. The horse that is sensitive in the flanks and stifles will go ‘into pressure’ particularly if its applied to that area of their body. I have maintained for most of my adult life that horses are ‘into pressure’ animals. It is the same phenomenon as we see in the human baby as they bring in new teeth. 
The gums are irritated and the child gets comfort from pressing hard on them typically from a teething ring. The horse has survived, in part, because they have learned to go into the sharp pain of a dog biting in the region of the flank. If the horse should run away the dog would simply rip the flesh allowing the intestines to exit the body and the dog makes a successful kill. Survival of the fittest has caused horses to behave with an ‘into pressure’ pattern of dealing with sharp pain. One must use soft grooming brushes on this type of horse and be very careful about staying out of the kick zone. It is essential that we treat this area carefully.
You have probably trained your horse to move off pressure without even knowing it. While riding, you will put a leg against your horses side and when the horse moves off the leg, you remove the pressure. You have probably done this on both sides of your horse. Most likely, when your horse was ridden only a few times, there was a tendency to move into the rider’s leg and not away from it. Eventually however your horse learned it was better to move away from the leg. At this present time I have some experiments going on which may prove to be a help with the very problem that you have described. It is to see if we can teach the horse to move off pressure in the area of the flanks. 
In order to alter this behavior, I have asked that a soccer ball be attached to the end of a strong bamboo pole. I have asked that the pole be about 6 feet long (2 meters). The ball is actually taped onto the end of the stick, covered with sponge and more tape applied… any way to cause the bamboo stick to be safe when pushed against the horses flanks. I direct the handler to press the ball into the area of the flanks, and stay with it if the horse pushes back. After a few minutes of work, most horses will step away experimenting with how to get the pressure off the ball in the flank. With the slightest step away the handler will remove the ball immediately, releasing all pressure.
The reason for the large ball is so that the horse feels no sharp pain. After removing the ball the handler should proceed to the other side and repeat the process. When one can achieve behavior that is immediately off pressure instead of into pressure, you’re well on your way to a successful alteration of deeply imbedded behavioral patterns. Having accomplished this you will be safer to groom, open gates more easily and even have better flying lead changes than you could achieve prior to training your horse to move off pressure even when it’s in the flank area. It is still early in this experimentation, but I think I am the first person to set up this kind of trial. 

After making sure that your horse has no physical ailments, the next step is to desensitize that area. As a point of interest, people who imprint their foals and have aspirations to train them to be performance horses, do not desensitize this area. They leave this area naturally sensitive so that cues can be given by the rider.


The Starting Gate for Sensitive Racehorses

Wednesday, June 5th, 2013

Thank you very much for your question and I must say that I have been in France having fun with two horses that seemed to go into the starting stalls without any problem. The issue was that each of them refused to leave the starting stall when the gates flew open and the race was on. That can cause any owner to choke on his mint julep or in France it might be champagne. Watching your horse give the field twelve or fourteen lengths before choosing to leave the starting stall is a death knell to the best of racehorses. One of the horses I worked with gave the field fourteen lengths and then actually won the race. That’s how talented this young horse is.

He was entered back against much tougher company after calling in an expert to deal with him. He gave the next group of opponents another fourteen lengths and finished third beaten by only two lengths. These were high level competitors and one would have to ask just how good is this horse? I worked with him for ten days and it is my hope that he will get adequate human assistance before his next start which is scheduled for early July. It is a mile and one half race with a purse well over a half million US dollars. When I left France he was flying out of the starting gates. I almost feel that he was too keen following ten sessions of my work with him.

The problem, as I see it, is that this young horse was ultra sensitive to the touch and the rails inside the starting stall were simply too invasive. As Thoroughbreds set their feet for the start, they will generally spread wide behind and then push off like a rocket. As they leave the stall at top speed, their stifles are burned by the rails that jut out into the stall. This is not an uncommon occurrence and it requires innovation so as to protect the area of the flanks and the stifles as the horse leaves. I say that they protective blanket that I use was invented by a horse called Prince of Darkness. He was in training in Newmarket, England when they called me in to get him right.



Sir Mark Prescott was the trainer and I must say I knew absolutely nothing about the phenomenon of rail sensitivity. I would feel guilty about this except that no one else in the world knew anything about it either. I am sure the problem existed, but I think that everybody took the position that it was just a stubborn horse and had nothing to do with the rails. I worked for about a week with Prince of Darkness before realizing what his issues were. Once I had the protective blanket on him, the problem was over. We went straight to the races at Warwick in England where he was extremely successful in a field of 26 horses and the blanket now circles the globe.

So this is what I was doing in France and I will be happy to report on the ongoing progress of the two horses that are incidentally by the same sire, interesting, eh? Perhaps I can include their names and those of the connections, but I think we better wait to see what the outcome of my work actually amounts to. Let me tell you that France is no longer the country of good food, but they certainly know how to make out a huge bill for a dab of chicken with some sauce poured over it. I’m looking forward to more work in France, but next time I will insist upon a kitchen in my hotel room. One can actually buy food at a grocery store for a relatively reasonable price.

During the course of my stay, I met some wonderful people who were very helpful. They rescued me from my inability to navigate the pitfalls of Charles de Gaulle airport. It is a chaotic tangle of roadways that even the natives can’t fathom. My driver parked at 2E, an airline terminal and walked with me to the Sheraton in the middle of the airport. He asked at the reception desk, “Where do you park for the Sheraton Hotel?” and the answer was, “Wherever you want and then you walk to the hotel.” He said, “What about the bags?” And then they said, “The bags have wheels on them, don’t they?” Actually they did, but we could have used one of those push trolleys.

It is a different world out there, but I have to tell you that Chantilly is heaven for horses. There is one training gallop through the trees that is over two miles long on the straight.There are about 50 training gallops through the forest in the Chantilly area. It is natural sand and for thousands of years the leaves have worked their way into the soil to the extent that it has produced a surface like the finest protective mattress that a horse could train on. It rained heavily while I was there, but the incredible footing was never a problem to train over. Every horseman should make the trip to learn about this natural utopia for horses. It is phenomenal.


How to Prepare Your Horse for the Farrier

Tuesday, February 26th, 2013


My young horse, who is 10 months old, needs farrier attention yet it seems to me that he is too young for Join-Up. What steps should I take before bringing in my farrier? Kerry Milford

Monty’s Answer:

Thank you for your timely question. This week we have added a sixth farrier lesson to my Equus Online University. Students should ask their farriers to watch along with them as they learn from world renowned farrier Ada Gates showing us how she achieves a balanced foot and objective farriery. Farriers will appreciate that these owners are willing to prepare their horses for the farrier’s visit.


I remember, as a child, my father telling me that he had never been to a dentist and that he hated the thought of ever having to go. I remember my first visit vividly. I was totally unprepared, scared to death, and hated every minute of it. By the time our children made their first visit to the dentist, times had changed dramatically, and our family dentist was willing to take the time for a mock visit, where an assistant explained to the children the value of dentistry, and educated them about the great lengths taken to keep it pain free.

Consequently, our children have never feared the dentist, and our family has enjoyed a much improved dental environment than from my childhood. This is precisely the message that I believe to be applicable when preparing your horse to deal with the farrier. Let’s first address your question about Join-Up®.

Once your foal has been weaned and no longer calls out for his mother, he is ready for his Join-Up sessions. Accomplishing Join-Up is a great way for your foal to enter that period of his life when his mother is no longer a factor. Properly done, it will promote an understanding between weanling and human that will be beneficial lifelong. I recommend two or three Join-Up sessions on consecutive days. Be gentle and patient with foals as they are small and ultra-sensitive.

Doing too many Join-Up sessions at this stage is usually counterproductive. It is a little like often telling a child the same story; the foal will come to resent it and exhibit gestures of anger. Prudently accomplished, two or three Join-Up sessions will allow you to live by the concepts of Join-Up throughout the relationship with your horse.

The post Join-Up work with the Dually halter should proceed until you achieve strong signs of willingness and relaxation. Then, you can move on to accomplish other goals. The Dually is very effective for schooling a horse to stand for the farrier or the veterinarian. The Dually halter will also help a horse load into a trailer, walk into a starting gate (starting stalls), walk through water, stand for mounting or any other handling problems.

Any person preparing a horse to be trimmed or shod by the farrier should take this responsibility seriously. I have seen extremely wild and fractious horses that require a week or more to be prepared for the farrier’s visit. During this training period the sessions might take up to an hour a day. Half-hour sessions twice a day are not a bad idea.

In every country I have visited, I have found that some people believe that the farrier can educate the horse himself when it comes to standing and behaving while the footwork is done. This is an unacceptable mind-set. A farrier is a professional and should be treated as such. His expertise is to care for your horse’s feet, not to train him. While it is true that some farriers are also good horsemen and quite capable of doing the training, most horse owners do not plan to pay the farrier for training services.

The farrier often feels that he is being taken advantage of and should not be required to take the time necessary to train. This can result in short tempers, and horses dealt with in an inappropriate way. While farriers are generally physically fit, muscular and capable of administering harsh treatment, should something like this occur, the blame should rest with the people securing their services, and not the farrier. Starting to prepare your horse to meet the farrier should preferably be done just after weaning, but you might inherit an older horse that has not had this education.

The following procedure is for yearlings and older horses. I would suggest that your student be introduced to the round pen and go through one, two or three Join-Ups on successive days. Once Join-Up has been achieved and your horse is perfectly willing to follow you with his adrenaline down and volunteers to stay with you comfortably, I suggest that you put your student though two or three daily sessions with the Dually halter.

Once that has been accomplished, you are well on your way to having your horse stand comfortably while you pick up and deal with his feet. To begin the farrier-schooling process, you should first rub your horse over, or spray him, with insect repellent. He finds it disconcerting if he has to stand on three legs and can’t stomp one to remove an insect. Once the repellent is applied, you can begin to pick each foot up repeatedly.

If, at this juncture, your horse is perfectly willing to give you one foot at a time and stand on the other three while you tap on the lifted foot and run a rasp over it, you are probably ready to give your farrier a call. If your student is reluctant, offers to kick, or refuses to allow you to tap or rasp the lifted foot, I suggest that you fabricate an “artificial arm,” which I’ll discuss later.


At this point, the good horseman should reflect on why a horse might react in this fashion. Each of us should quickly remember that the flight animal relies upon his legs to carry him to flee for survival. We should immediately understand that acting out violently toward the horse does nothing but convince him that we are predators and out to cause him harm. Delivering pain to your student is absolutely inappropriate.

To make an artificial arm like the one I use to train horses that are difficult for the farrier, you will need the following items:

1. An old rake or broom handle, cut 3 feet (approx. 1 meter) long, or a hardwood cane with a straight-handle grip, not curved grip.

2. One heavy-duty work glove.

3. One sleeve of a discarded sweatshirt or heavy work shirt.

4. One roll of electrical, gaffer or duct tape.

Place the glove over one end of the pole and fill it with straw or shavings. Slide the sleeve into place so that the cuff can be taped at the wrist portion of the work glove. Fill the sleeve with sponge, straw or shavings, and tape the upper end of the sleeve to secure the material inside. You should have approximately one foot (30 cm) of uncovered pole for easy handling.

I’m finding it fun for me, at this stage in my life, that innovative students, encouraged to keep open minds, are making some very interesting discoveries. Kelly Marks is the director of the original Monty Roberts courses in England. She brought Ian Vandenberghe to be an instructor in my concepts. Ian came up with an idea that is very helpful, particularly for small, female trainers. He concluded that if the arm had a stiff thumb on it, the handler could, at the appropriate moment, slide the thumb down behind the rear leg, stopping at the pastern.

Using the padded thumb, the handler could actually lift the hind leg without placing her own arm in jeopardy. I was on tour in England when I received a very difficult horse, with a strong desire to kick. The English team brought me Ian’s improved arm and I found it very effective.

If your equine student wants to kick the artificial arm, do not discourage him. Return the arm to the position that bothered the horse until the horse accepts it anywhere you want to put it.

Begin using the arm by massaging the body, shoulders and hips of the horse before proceeding to his legs. You can even rub the belly, and up between the hind legs. Spend considerable time in the area of the flank, as it will be often touched by the farrier’s shoulder. Bad habits can get started if the horse is still sensitive in the flank area before the leg-lifting procedures begin. Use the arm to massage all four legs until the horse is perfectly happy dealing with the procedure.

If you are dealing with an extremely flighty or dangerous horse, you may consider using an assistant so that one person can control the head while the other uses the arm. Remember, if the horse acts out or pulls his leg away from you, drop the leg immediately and then school with the Dually halter. This will not be necessary with most horses that are raised domestically, but it could be an advantage with mustangs or horses raised with little human contact.

Be alert and watch for improvement, and when you get it, remove the arm from that position at once and go to the other side of the horse to continue working. Your student will regard this as reward for not kicking, and is likely to quickly improve. With your student cooperating fully when you pick up all four feet and tap and rasp, ask your farrier if he has an old pair of farrier’s chaps that he can lend you, if you don’t own a pair yourself.

You need your horse to allow you to work on all four legs while you are wearing loose-fitting chaps, which may frighten him and present a problem when the farrier visits. Most horses become accustomed to chaps within five to ten minutes without a much difficulty. On the day the farrier arrives, your student should have the person who has been working with him present for his first farrier procedure.

You should choose a place for this work that the horse is familiar with and one where you have accomplished a large part of your schooling. It should be a safe enclosure with good lighting so that the farrier can see the feet clearly. Good footing should be provided, and a firm, level surface should be available so that the farrier can judge the action of the feet as the horse walks away from, and back toward, the farrier.

You should have the Dually halter on your student, and move through the procedure slowly so that he accepts the activity while staying calm and relaxed. Advise your farrier that you believe it is a good idea to pick the feet up and put them down a few times before working on the foot just to accustom the horse to the activity. It is also a good idea if the farrier picks up the foreleg briefly just before picking up the rear leg on that same side, to help prepare the horse for work on the hind foot.

If you find that you have done insufficient work to prepare your horse for the farrier, then stop the procedure at once and allow additional time for further schooling before reintroducing him to the farrier. Following these procedures, your farrier is likely to be a much happier member of your team than if he would be if required to deal with an unprepared horse. And just as important, your horse will be a much happier individual, likely to enjoy a lifetime of comfort with the farrier.

Anyone who owns a horse should read material written by notable farriers to better understand the importance of foot care. The old saying “No foot, no horse” is certainly valid. An owner should take the responsibility of being as informed as possible when it comes to this critical part of the horse’s anatomy. The informed owner will judge the farrier’s work by the angle, shape and health of the foot he helps to create, and not by the amount of material he removes.

Good luck with your foal’s training and let us know how it goes with all his new experiences.


Monty Roberts: Put the needs of the horse first

Wednesday, November 9th, 2011

If a person is going to be successful in the horse world, you have got to decide what you want for yourself. The needs of the horse come before wanting to win championships; wanting to make money; wanting to be successful internally. It is a partnership. Your horse is critical. His needs must be met first, and if his needs are not met, your performance will pay a price.

We need to know what that horse considers to be a reward. As predators, we know food as a reward. There is, in our DNA [deoxyribonucleic acid], a factor for considering food a reward, but no blade of grass has ever run from a horse. No horse felt the need to stalk down a blade of grass and kill it, and then eat it. Food is just there, for them.

So what does a horse consider as a reward? Often times it is just the ceasing of work. Just stopping. Giving them a rub. Getting off their backs, if we’re on them. Walking them around. Walking away from them is a reward, that tells them that you are not predatorial. Think of innovative ways to reward your horse in HIS language. Which is to say, “I like you, and I’m not going to hurt you.”

Horses are very generous animals. They are ambitious. They have a lot of energy. So they don’t want to just stand around, they want to do things but be careful. Monitor them. Observe them. When they’ve had enough, ease up. Reward them. Stop. Get off. Give them a rub and walk away.

Your chances for success will fall right off the table if the needs of the horse are not met. When you meet his needs, then your chances go sky-rocketing. One can’t simply be conceited about it, or arrogant, when the horse meets your needs. The reason that you can not do that, is that you will start to overwhelm your horse, with your own requirements.

Study. Learn what he needs. Provide those needs and your chances for success will sky-rocket.

– Monty Roberts

Editor’s note: Find Monty’s principles illustrated and discussed in his Equus Online University:

Join-Up with Monty on Facebook

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Check out the Monty Roberts YouTube Channel

Learn the language of horses on Monty’s EQUUS ONLINE UNI


Richard Winters tests Monty’s Theories

Tuesday, April 5th, 2011

Richard Winters tests Monty Roberts’ theory about the natural approach to rollbacks. The informative video lesson is available to members of Equus Online University. What can a horse learn from a guinea hen? Richard Winters finds out in this video lesson on Monty’s Equus Online University at


Disenfranchisement of a Phobia by John Calder

Wednesday, March 2nd, 2011

Disenfranchisement of a Phobia

by John Calder

Having spent the last three and a half hours and 198 miles driving on rain-sodden motorways back from Keysoe, Lou and I have had plenty time to reflect on a remarkable show and demo. Everyone was on sparkling form, from all the helpers to the core team, but above all, the performers, Kelly, Rosie , Copy and, of course, the maestro himself Monty.

But the final demo was really exceptional. Initially starting from the ground, the horse’s issues were quickly established and visible to all. Monty then opened our eyes to a new and breathtaking concept that he has only just developed and one that those lucky enough to be there will store as a cherished moment. Monty climbed aboard Copy and proceeded with some quite remarkable work from the saddle to work on boundaries with our head-shy friend quickly gaining the horse’s trust and respect.

A form of mounted Join-Up. It was not long before Monty was leading the horse in a calm, peaceful and gentle way. Copy had switched to his working horse roots assuming a low energy role becoming the master horseman’s perfect partner – ice cool, calm, willing and oh so honest. Monty then went to work demonstrating to a captivated audience the use of his concepts (usually demonstrated from the ground) but now in the saddle.

We all watched spellbound as the head-shy horse started to change and understand before our very eyes. It was a privilege to be there and to see this great horseman displaying his skills not only in the saddle but also demonstrating his mastery in working with and understanding behavioural problems. Monty asked Rosie to work with Tilly on the ground whilst he was still on copy and to touch and rub Tilly at the same time as Monty and then completely on her own – it was really something seeing Tilly happily accept what before the demo was totally unacceptable.
This was really a demo not to be missed and to be at Keysoe and to see the phenomenal way Monty brought about a disenfranchisement of a phobia and the clear transformation of our head-shy friend was something to be remembered forever.


When to Begin Training the Young Horse

Thursday, April 29th, 2010

The decision as to when to begin training with the young horse, including that aspect of training that would involve riding is, in fact, relatively subjective. Until science becomes a good deal more advanced in this area there are only a few benchmarks available to us which are based on objective, proven science. One aspect that I see remaining subjective for a significant period of time would be the psychological factors where the young horse is concerned. (more…)